We express them. We tell you how the food tastes. We tell you whether we liked the movie. See the following table. I feel similarly. Das ist viel besser. No need. She or he suggests ways for the two of you to spend the afternoon. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate German suggestions and the English meanings. Denkst du dass es regnen wird? Today looks like a beautiful day. Do you think it will rain? Ich habe den Wetterbericht nicht gelesen. Your friend: Hast du Lust heute Nachmittag schwimmen zu gehen? Do you feel like going swimming this afternoon? Ich schwimme gern!
I love swimming! Maybe we should read the weather forecast first.
The weather may change. Das ist mir schon oft passiert. Your friend: Welche Zeitung sollen wir kaufen? Which newspaper should we buy?
Ich glaube in jeder Zeitung finden wir einen Wetterbericht. I think that we can find a weather report in any newspaper. Your friend: Gehen wir ins Kino? Should we go to a movie? Ich will den neusten Arnold Schwarzenegger Film sehen!
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How Do You Feel? Feelings that are expressed with the verb haben are followed by a noun. Feelings that are expressed with the verb sein are followed by an adjective. Chapter 9 discusses these verbs and how their form changes to agree with the subject. For now, concentrate on expressing how you feel: ich bin iH bin for expressions with sein; ich habe iH hah-buh for expressions with haben.
I am cold. I am hot. Express how you feel, using the expressions in the preceding table. I am tired. Sie weint. She cries. She is sad. Mein Magen knurrt. My stomach is growling. Ich kann nicht mehr! Ich trainiere jeden Tag und mache Bodybuilding. I train every day and do bodybuilding. I am in shape. Neither do I. Still, sayings are everywhere in language, embodying familiar truths and generally accepted beliefs in colorful, expressive language. Here are a few German sayings and their English counterparts.
Wer zuerst kommt, mahlt zuerst. Wer zuletzt lacht, lacht am Besten. Iss, was gar ist, trink, was klar ist, sprich was wahr ist. Wer wagt, gewinnt. He who lies, steals. Eat what is cooked, drink what is clear, speak what is true. It never rains, but it pours. Nothing ventured, nothing gained.
Time will tell. Such colorful expressions help personalize and individualize a language—rendering it culturespecific. Although the sense may be the same in both languages, they use different words.
Your best bet is to learn these sayings and be proud to sound like a real German! Think your female baby-sitter is female der Babysitter? Not to a German.
If you have taken any French or Spanish, you have already dealt with nouns that have two genders. Believe it or not, the English language used to share this fixation on gender with its German cousin. But very early on, even before Chaucer was writing his bawdy Canterbury Tales, English speakers were quite politically correct. We began referring to everything as a genderless the. All plural nouns are preceded by the plural article die dee.
Unlike the English the, these articles show the gender and number of a noun, but both English and German definite articles indicate specificity. Grammatical gender is arbitrary, unpredictable— basically, a matter of rote memorization. Walk on the noun, shake it, turn it upside down, throw it against the wall and still you will be no closer to uncovering its gender.
It would, of course, be quicker and more effective to look up the noun in a dictionary; masculine nouns are followed by m.
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Scholars have come up with many theories about why some nouns take certain definite articles, but the truth is that in German there are no simple rules or explanations for determining gender. Why is the meat you eat at dinner neuter das Fleisch , the potato feminine die Kartoffel , and the cauliflower masculine der Rosenkohl? Your guess is as good as ours. The only fail-safe way of ensuring that you are about to use the correct gender of a German noun is to learn the gender and plural of a noun along with the noun itself. The gender of a noun affects its relationship to other words in a sentence, and if you learn the definite articles along with the nouns, it will be easier for you to form sentences correctly later.
Nevertheless, a few tricks can help you determine the gender of certain nouns as well as alter the gender of certain other nouns, as in English when you change the word waiter to waitress. Keep reading! Absolutely, Definitely Definite Articles Before you get into German nouns, you must take into account one little diversion: the noun marker that precedes most singular nouns. We use the term noun marker to refer to an article or adjective—something that indicates the gender of the noun— whether it is masculine m. As a Rule The noun marker for plural nouns die should not to be confused with the feminine singular definite article die.
Because of this homophony in form, only the singular noun markers der, die, das clearly indicate the grammatical gender of a noun. Singular Nouns The nouns in the following table are easy to remember. An obvious correspondence exists between the grammatical gender of the noun marker and the natural, biological gender of the noun.
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Even the different types of mothers remain predictably feminine, while the different types of fathers are masculine in gender. But for now, become acquainted with family terms. As a Rule Nouns referring to male persons, their professions, and their nationalities—der Deutsche deyR doy-tschuh —are clearly masculine.
Most nouns ending in -en are also masculine— der Garten deYr gahR-tuhn —as are the names of all seasons, months, days of the week, and most times of the day—der Montag deyR mohn-tahk , der Januar deyR yah-newahR , der Sommer deyR zo-muhR , and so on. The following tables group endings that will help you to identify the gender of nouns. Generally, two-syllable nouns ending in -e, such as Sonne zo-nuh and Blume blew-muh , take the feminine article die.
Das Berlin, das Deutschland, das Paris—countries, towns, and cities all take the neuter article das. So do the letters of the alphabet: das A, das B, das C, das D, and so on. Here are a few of them. This convention makes sense if you just think back to what an umlaut is all about: When the —in suffix is added to the noun, the i sound, produced in the front of the mouth, coaxes the back vowels of a, o, or u to slide a little forward, as well—hence, sound change!
The following table lists some common nouns that can undergo sex changes. Compound Nouns Meeresgrundforschungslaborauswertungsbericht— pronounced mey-Ruhs-gRoont-foR-shoonks-lah-bohRous-veR-toonks-buh-RiHt—what in the world, you may ask, is that?
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Believe it or not, that is a word— a compound noun, to be exact. Hmmm … is a pattern is emerging here? Why, yes!